Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya

(Formerly Prince of Wales Museum of Western India)



Baramasa Set
Rajasthani, Bundi
circa 1770 CE
24.5 x 15 cms.
Object of the Month - January 2016

Hindu month of Pausa. The poet Keshavdas says that

In the month of Pausa nobody likes cold things, whether they are water, food, dress or house. Even the earth and sky have become cold. In this season everyone rich and poor alike, likes oil (massage of oil), cotton (cotton filled clothes), betel, fire (to warm the room), sunshine and company of woman.

(During the month) the days are short and nights are dark and long. This is not the time to quarrel with ones lover (meaning thereby that this is the time of union of lovers). Keeping all these aspects in mind the Beloved asks her Lover not to leave her in the month of Pausa.

'Baramasa' or 'Songs of the twelve months' is a poetic genre that describes each of the months of the Indian calendar in terms of love and its rhetoric. The most famous one is Keshavdasa’s Kavipriya which mirrors his mastery of the selection of words and phrases and describes the life, ceremonies and rituals of the people in different seasons. It is a popular subject in Bundi School as it gives the artists an opportunity to indulge in his love for landscape.