Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya

(Formerly Prince of Wales Museum of Western India)

Baramasa Set

Baramasa Set

Rajasthani, Bundi
Late 18th century CE
35.5 x 24.3 cm
Object of the Month - November 2015

Hindu month of Kartika. The poet Keshavdas says that

Woods and gardens, rivers, earth and sky are clear and shining bright illuminated by lamps (of Dipavali festival). The days and nights are full of joy, and couples are gambling. The courtyards and walls of every house are gay with colourful paintings of gods and goddesses. The whole universe is pervaded with celestial light and all men and women are gay with love. This is the month for earning merit by sacred baths, giving alms and worship of God.

'Baramasa' or 'Songs of the twelve months' is a poetic genre that describes each of the months of the Indian calendar in terms of love and its rhetoric. The most famous one is Keshavdasa’s Kavipriya which mirrors his mastery of the selection of words and phrases and describes the life, ceremonies and rituals of the people in different seasons. It is a popular subject in Bundi School as it gives the artists an opportunity to indulge in his love for landscape.